Australia may be a relatively young country from a global perspective, but we have seen the rise and fall of many architectural styles in the past 200 odd years. Some of these eras are still very much present in today’s day and age, with many modern dwellings attempting to capture the historic beauty of the very first homes long since gone.
Victorian era (1840-1890)
Most Victoria era homes are over 100 years old and were first built during Queen Victoria’s reign. These dwellings exhibited a simple elegance which has made them a timeless and still very desired look in modern times.
- Slate or corrugated iron roofs
- Verandas made from cast iron lacework and Intricate stucco facades
- Double hung arched timber windows
Boom style era (1875-1890)
Image by Michael DG Bailey http://flickr.com/photos/21925182@N02/11537271934 via Wikimedia Commons
Attributed to the economic boom that followed the gold rush in the late 19th century, this style of housing is still very common in Melbourne.
- Intricate brickwork patterns featuring many different coloured bricks
- Highly decorated parapets and facades
- Arched, double hung windows with elaborate decorations
Federation era (1895-1915)
Carrying on with the intricate styles of the boom era, these lavish homes came about during Australia’s independence as a nation.
- High ceilings with decorated plasterwork
- Asymmetrical design with multi-faceted roofs
- Elaborate verandas that integrate into the roof of the dwelling
Edwardian era (1910-1915)
Image by Sardaka https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sardaka via Wikimedia Commons
These dwellings come across as dialled down equivalents of Federation Era homes and were built during the reign of King Edward.
- Often built using weatherboards or red brick
- Corrugated iron or slate roofs
- Façade is often decorated to emphasize apex of roof
Californian bungalow era (1920-1930)
Image by Bidgee https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Bidgee via Wikimedia Commons
Inspired by America, this style arrived during the 1920s and featured lower pitched roofs and often thick columns beneath the veranda.
- Interior walls featuring stained plywood
- Double hung windows with leadlight
- Veranda held up by large, thick columns
Art deco era (1930-1950)
Image by Matt https://www.flickr.com/photos/52846207@N04/ via Wikimedia Commons
This particular era was very forward thinking for its time and indeed to this day, remains quite striking.
- Hipped roofs and the use of terracotta tiles
- Brick or weatherboard walls to create solid appearance
- Symmetric and imposing designs or rounded edges
This is perhaps one era which has not stood the test of time in comparison with other styles as it looks quite dated in modern times.
- Low ceiling and open plan interiors
- Low pitched roofs with corrugated iron or steel decking
- Big windows often extending across the entire front of the dwelling
Brick veneer era (1960-1980)
This era saw a step back from the previous two eras into a more conservative and economical time.
- Very plain interior with timber floors
- Sliding timber framed windows
- Cream, white, or red brick finishes